The Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia recently published Paper and Type, by John Bidwell, Curatorial Chair and Astor Curator of Printed Books and Bindings at the Morgan Library & Museum. Mr. Bidwell has written essays, articles, and monographs on the history of printing and paper in England, France, and America. The essays collected here are mainly about book production in England and America during the Industrial Revolution. Some touch on topics earlier and later than this pivotal period, but they too tend toward the manufacturing sector and deal with the same tools of the trade—paper and type. The first section on research methods surveys recent scholarship in paper history and contains recommendations for further study. The essays in the second and third sections describe developments in the paper trade with special reference to the requirements of letterpress printing. This volume concludes with two case studies, each tracing the history of a single publication.